SS Maxim Gorkiy was a cruise ship that was until 30 November 2008 owned by Sovcomflot Russia under long-term charter to Phoenix Reisen Germany. She was built in 1969 by Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft Hamburg West Germany for the German Atlantic Line as SS Hamburg. In 1973 she was renamed SS Hanseatic. The following year she was sold to the Black Sea Shipping Company Soviet Union and received the name Maxim Gorkiy in honour of the poet Maxim Gorky.
Builders of the SS Maxim Gorkiy are Hamburg, Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft and West Germany.